Archive | Buying Solar

California Solar Permit New Laws Regarding Fees

Solar Permits in California

Some very positive new changes have come from lawmakers with regards to new California solar permit fees.  At the start of 2012, the days of massive permit fees by local municipalities as well as other local governments are no longer for solar projects.  Not only is this great news for the planet, but it is also great news for homeowners, but this is great news for businesses as well who want solar energy.

California Solar Permit Fees

  • Residential solar projects can now expect fees to be no larger than $500 per system, plus $15 dollars for every kW over 15kW
  • Business solar projects can now expect fees to be no larger than $1000 per system, plus $7 for every kW between 51 kW and 250 kW, plus $5 for every kW over 250 kW in size

This new law makes life so much easier compared to the varying California solar permit fees and permitting costs that used to exist prior to 2012 in the state of California.  Now, everyone who is interested in solar power will be able to estimate the costs and benefits of a new PV system almost down to the penny.  Before, it was always a guessing game as to what the additional expenses would turn out to be.  If you add in the additional benefits that have started to happen in the solar panel markets around the world with prices continuing to decline, solar is once again becoming more favorable.  Especially for enthusiasts who are looking at this form of energy production with a long term goal in mind.

California Solar Permit Fees

The details of the regulations can be found at the DSIRE website under California’s New Solar Permitting Fees.

Details of the California Assembly Bill 1801 are also available to read online.

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Solar Panel Price Dumping Trade Wars With China

Solar Panel Price Dumping

The tension is heating up, the mercury is rising, but at the end of the day, we must all ask ourselves what is really going on with China and the rules and regulations in whatever country you live in.  And of course, we’re talking about the new fights that are consuming the talk and time within so many government and lobbyist groups throughout the world with regards to solar panel prices.  The US Government and Department of Energy are talking about how solar is so much on the rise, why would they want to stop the progress.

One one hand, there are the local countries such as the United States which are very concerned with the alleged dumping of solar panels and very low prices of PV panels on local markets by the Chinese.  And on the other hand there are the factories and companies outside of China that are struggling to produce low cost solar modules to compete with the ever growing Chinese production market.

For any economist who should be very familiar with the free market concepts, and I’m not just talking about people who work in the World Trade Organization (WTO) or other respected (or maybe un-respected) groups, the free market ideals don’t put up with the idea of price dumping.  Prices are set, and products are sold.  If a manufacturer is willing to place prices so low that they are at risk of losing money, well, that is a business mistake that is in almost all cases going to benefit the consumer, and to the masses, this should be looked at as a great opportunity to purchasing a great product at a low price.

It is not a mystery that solar panels produced in countries like the United States are often much more expensive when compared to the exact same solar panels produced abroad.  And when I say “exact same”, yes, you can duke it out that there are many differences, but the facts are the facts.  Panels when you look out energy output and ALL of the other minute variables are often virtually the same just with a different logo stamped on them.  That’s what the marketing guys are paid big bucks for, and yes, marketing costs hurt consumers as well.  So you do the math.

Would you rather pay higher prices for solar, which in turn means higher prices for clean energy, or would you rather get the cheapest possible prices on foreign solar panels made in China?  The choice currently is not yours, but maybe after the government completes the bickering that is currently going on, you may be able to decide afterall.

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Back to Back Neighbors with Solar Houses in Berkeley, CA

How about a big two thumbs up, and make it your green thumb for some neighbors living in Berkeley, California.  It’s such a great site to see not only one, but two houses next to each other that are both making their own electricity from the most powerful thing known to man, the sun.  Although you might be living in a city or town somewhere in America where solar power is relatively new, or maybe even unheard of, that’s just not the case for the residents of Berkeley.

Berkeley California Solar Houses

two neighbors with solar in Berkeley

Long known as a hippie idea, or tree-hugger initiative, PV solar cells used to generate kilo watt hours is still going strong.  And with the help of higher oil prices and higher energy costs slamming the economy over and over again, more and more “non tree hugger” types are looking into alternative energy ideas.  Call it green technology, call it doing something good for the earth, call it whatever you want, but this type of energy is here to stay.  And it is saving some lucky homeowners who are used to paying very high PG&E bills quite a bit of money.

So what if the street view of solar cells makes the houses look ugly, that’s usually not a concern anymore from neighbors.  Instead, neighbors are jumping on the band wagon and figuring out how to get solar panels installed themselves.  If you really are worried what your neighbors are going to say about you going green and getting panels on your roof, just go and sack up and ask them.  You’ll be surprised how happy they are to help you out and say “go for it”.  That was the case with these neighbors.  And, by the looks of the number of panels on the roof, it is quite possible that they are saving roughly $200-250 dollars per month off their combined electric bills.  That’s great news!

 

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The Price of a 2kw Solar Panel System – Is It Worth It?

2kw Solar Panel Systems

Recently, there are many advertisements running on TV comparing prices and sizes of different PV solar systems, and it is time that we investigate just what is happening in terms of the consumers true value received.  One particular commercial is promoting a solar system that is rated at 2 kilowatts or 2kw.  The company, Petersen Dean Solar, talks about their pricing being substantially lower than the competition, by over $3,000 in costs.  They advertise their solar system as costing only $6,000 compared to their main competition’s pricing on the same two kilowatt system at $9,000.  The competitor they mentioned is Solar City which is a larger and more well known solar installer in the United States.

So let’s do some math and find out if a $6,000 solar system that is rated at 2kw is even worth the investment.  Before we begin, please take note that solar incentives are different throughout the country.  In fine print, Petersen Dean did mention on the TV advertisement that this $6,000 cost was after incentives.  It is unclear if Solar City’s pricing numbers were before or after the incentives.

The location of the Petersen Dean pricing was for Northern California, so we will use variables for that region of the United States.  You can go ahead and use the sunlight hours page to calculate your specific numbers for your local area too.

Sunlight Hours in Oakland, California:  5.5 sunlight hours per day

Solar Energy efficiency loss: 10% (this is a fair amount to calculate for our equation)

Math Equation: 2 kw * 5.5 = 12.5 kwh / day DC

Conversion to Alternating Current: 12.5 * 90% = 11.25 kwh/day

Monthly electricity from a 2kw solar system: 11.25*30= 338 kwh/month

Average kwh solar savings from the electric company: $84 per month in electricity savings

Annual Electricity Savings of $1,014 each year.

So,  it looks like a system sized at 2kw would pay for itself in just about 6 years of service, which is a great investment considering that solar panels are able to last for over 25 years or more.

One thing to remember when calculating your solar panel investment is the cost per kwh from your local utility company.  In the Bay Area of California, PG&E (Pacific Gas and Electric) is the utility company and their rates for electricity are very expensive compared to other parts of the United States.  This greatly affects the investment outlook of solar power.

 

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How Many KWH Can 14 Solar Panels Make

How Much Electricity will Solar Panels actually Make?

From the view of the nearest sidewalk a 14 PV panel solar system may not look huge, but the kwh output could surprise you. For houses which are already energy efficient and not surrounded by shade, this size system will make an impact. Looking at the math involved and assuming a solar panel rating of 200 watts per panel, that would mean a 2.8kW system. In most locations, that could produce between 350-500 kwh per month. That is substantial amounts of clean energy which will make you happy when the electric bill arrives. Take a look at what a 2.8 kw system of solar looks like:

14 solar panels

For many residential houses, the south and south-west angles that these solar panels need to have is not going to be an eye-sore, and even if a neighbor complains, ask them if they are worried about their carbon footprint. By decreasing the demand on electricity from the local electric company, every solar house is doing the neighbors a big favor.
During the summer months it should be expected that the solar panels will be making more electricity compared to winter months, that you should have already guessed. Some people do clean their solar panels with water occasionally but that is really not necessary.

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Heating Water with Solar Panels

solar hot water panels

Finding ways to heat up your water is not a brand new way of thinking.  In several cities across the United States, you will find solar hot water systems in use all over the town, and there is very good reason for this.  Solar hot water saves incredible amounts of money.  Solat Hot Water is a very efficient solar technology, much more efficient when compared to solar electricity, especially when you compare the upfront costs and then compare that to the dollar savings in energy costs.

Apartment Buildings Utilizing Solar Hot Water

In the picture above, you can see that on the rooftop of this 50 plus unit apartment building are many very large solar hot water panels.  These panels are able to heat up all of the hot water needs for over 100 people all year long.  A large scale solar hot water system can provide incredible savings when it is looked at over many years.  The return on investment for solar hot water is comparable to an investment that pays for itself completely in less than 6 years.  Because a well maintained solar hot water system can last for well over 20 years, the overall investment is going to be very hard to beat in today’s economy.  And what could be better than having solar hot water also be promoted as a green technology that is helping the environment too.

If you are looking to add solar hot water to your house, but want to know if it might be better to install solar electric panels instead, don’t think about this too long.  In nearly all cases in the United States right now the solar hot water solution will be your best bet.

Read more about this topic of solar energy here:  Solar Hot Water Systems

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Solar Powered Church in the Bay Area

Let’s face it, everybody no matter who you or your organization are are using electricity.  That much we can all agree on.  When there is an interest in finding alternative power sources such as PV solar panels, it is really important to figure out what the barriers are to implementing an actual solar system.

A church in the San Francisco Bay Area decided it was time to get solar panels installed on it’s roof, and the system look pretty amazing.  But, what’s most important is that the system is as efficient as possible because the overall expense to a church for solar energy can be enormous.

Here is a picture of what a nearly 18 KW SOLAR SYSTEM looks like when the sunshine is shining on it.

18 KW Solar Electric Church

18 KW Solar System on Church

How much electricity is this solar system really providing to this church and is it a good financial decision?

So, if we look at the picture, we can figure out the rough estimates for the math.

Calculating KWH and Dollar Savings From Solar:

88 Solar Panels

200 watts each = 17.6 KW Solar System

17.6 KW Solar System Specifications

City: San Francisco
State: California  
Latitude: 37.62° N
Longitude:     122.38° W
Elevation: 5 m
PV System Specifications
DC Rating: 17.6 kW
DC to AC Derate Factor: 0.770
AC Rating: 13.6 kW
Array Type: Fixed Tilt  
Array Tilt: 37.6°
Array Azimuth: 180.0°
Energy Specifications
Cost of Electricity:     25.0 ¢/kWh

Solar Electricity Output and $ Value

Month Solar Radiation
(kWh/m 2/day)
AC Energy
(kWh)

Energy Value

($)

3.62      1447    361.75   
4.59      1665    416.25   
5.22      2109    527.25   
6.11      2352    588.00   
6.36      2532    633.00   
6.47      2486    621.50   
7.01      2768    692.00   
6.67      2624    656.00   
6.62      2498    624.50   
10  5.41      2133    533.25   
11  3.87      1487    371.75   
12  3.35      1348    337.00   
Year  5.45      25448   

$6362.00   

 

From the table above, you can see that this system will be making approximately $6362.00 per year of electricity.  That is a fairly large number, but we need to compare that to the system’s overall cost.  At 17,600 watts, and lets assume that the system has a cost of approximately $6/watt.  That would mean a PV  system cost of roughly: $105,600.  Of course there are probably some local rebates and maybe even some state level and federal rebates or funding programs, so this certain location with high costs in terms of kilowatt per hour charges might make sense for a longterm solar option.  If you were part of a church which was paying only $0.10 per KWH of electricity, the cost structure would be totally different and probably not make very much sense to buy solar power.

church solar roof

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3 KW and 4 KW Solar Systems in Atlanta, GA

Kilowatt Hour Output data for Solar Systems in Atlanta Georgia:

First, let’s look at what could be expected from a 3 kW solar panel system that is producing electricity from solar radiation.

3 kW Solar Panel System in Atlanta, GA:

Solar System Specification:
City: Atlanta
State: Georgia
Latitude: 33.65° N
Longitude: 84.43° W
Elevation: 315 m
PV System Specifications
DC Rating: 3.0 kW
DC to AC Derate Factor: 0.770
AC Rating: 2.3 kW
Array Type: Fixed Tilt
Array Tilt: 33.6°
Array Azimuth: 180.0°
Energy Specifications
Cost of Electricity: 7.9 ¢/kWh

Solar PV Performance Expected Results & Dollar Savings:

Month Solar Radiation
(kWh/m 2/day)
AC Energy
(kWh)
Energy Value
($)
3.86      271    21.41   
4.67      292    23.07   
5.21      353    27.89   
6.17      399    31.52   
5.95      387    30.57   
5.81      358    28.28   
5.82      363    28.68   
5.83      368    29.07   
5.21      325    25.68   
10  5.51      367    28.99   
11  4.42      291    22.99   
12  3.72      262    20.70   
Year  5.18      4036    $318.84

The overall appeal of a solar system in this area may need to come from areas other than financial gain right now.  This 3 kW system is going to produce an average of roughly 4000 kwh per year of clean energy, but that is only going to offset a very small amount of someone’s electric bill at just over $300 of electricity.  You would really want to investigate the local and state level solar rebate programs in Georgia, along with current federal tax credit information to find out if you would be able to turn the investment into solar power more beneficial to you.

For comparison sake, let’s take a look at a 4kw Solar system in Atalanta, and what the energy production numbers are for that sized system.  4KW PV solar in Atlanta details below:

4 kW PV Solar in Atlanta, GA
City: Atlanta
State: Georgia  
Latitude: 33.65° N
Longitude:     84.43° W
Elevation: 315 m
PV System Specifications
DC Rating: 4.0 kW
DC to AC Derate Factor: 0.770
AC Rating: 3.1 kW
Array Type: Fixed Tilt  
Array Tilt: 33.6°
Array Azimuth: 180.0°
Energy Specifications
Cost of Electricity:     7.9 ¢/kWh

And now for the Financial Results of a 4kw Solar System:

4 KW PV Solar in Atlanta Data
Month Solar Radiation
(kWh/m 2/day)
AC Energy
(kWh)
Energy Value
($)
3.86      361    28.52   
4.67      390    30.81   
5.21      471    37.21   
6.17      531    41.95   
5.95      515    40.69   
5.81      478    37.76   
5.82      484    38.24   
5.83      491    38.79   
5.21      433    34.21   
10  5.51      489    38.63   
11  4.42      388    30.65   
12  3.72      349    27.57   
Year  5.18      5381    425.10

As you can see, with the 4kw system, the results are directly proportional to the smaller 3kw system.

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4kw Solar Panel Energy for St. Louis, Missouri

4kw Solar PV System Electricity Production Estimates for St. Louis, Missouri

Here is a look at the expected values a solar panel system would be able to create in terms of electricity and final dollar savings on a monthly basis in St. Louis.  A key component to this equation is the actual cost per kwh for each person from the utility company.  If that number is higher than the $0.12/kwh used in this equation, it will positively affect the value of a solar system for future years.

Here is the data points including the tilt angle of the solar panels towards the sun:

St. Louis, Missouri Solar Energy Details
City: St._Louis
State: Missouri  
Latitude: 38.75° N
Longitude:     90.38° W
Elevation: 172 m
PV System Specifications
DC Rating: 4.0 kW
DC to AC Derate Factor: 0.770
AC Rating: 3.1 kW
Array Type: Fixed Tilt  
Array Tilt: 38.8°
Array Azimuth: 180.0°
Energy Specifications
Cost of Electricity:     12.0 ¢/kWh

The actual KWH Output estimates are in this table:

Results of Solar KWH Energy
Month Solar Radiation
(kWh/m 2/day)
AC Energy
(kWh)
Energy Value
($)
3.60      355    42.60   
4.22      368    44.16   
5.09      469    56.28   
5.40      466    55.92   
5.67      488    58.56   
5.83      476    57.12   
5.86      488    58.56   
5.50      458    54.96   
5.33      444    53.28   
10  4.83      434    52.08   
11  3.53      319    38.28   
12  3.02      294    35.28   
Year  4.83      5059    607.08 

A great idea for anyone considering going solar in St. Louis, MO would be to investigate the local solar credits or rebate programs that might exist. This will ultimately make the decision making process to go or not to go solar much easier. Many towns are begin to adopt favorable programs with either property tax exemptions or other local rebates to help with the upfront solar costs.

If the cost per kwh increased to 17 cents/kwh, here would be the final results with a 4kw system:

Results with $0.17/kwh prices
Month Solar Radiation
(kWh/m 2/day)
AC Energy
(kWh)
Energy Value
($)
3.60      355    60.35   
4.22      368    62.56   
5.09      469    79.73   
5.40      466    79.22   
5.67      488    82.96   
5.83      476    80.92   
5.86      488    82.96   
5.50      458    77.86   
5.33      444    75.48   
10  4.83      434    73.78   
11  3.53      319    54.23   
12  3.02      294    49.98   
Year  4.83      5059    860.03 

And here would be the costs if each kwh from the utility was $.25

Results with $.25/kwh from utility
Month Solar Radiation
(kWh/m 2/day)
AC Energy
(kWh)
Energy Value
($)
3.60      355    88.75   
4.22      368    92.00   
5.09      469    117.25   
5.40      466    116.50   
5.67      488    122.00   
5.83      476    119.00   
5.86      488    122.00   
5.50      458    114.50   
5.33      444    111.00   
10  4.83      434    108.50   
11  3.53      319    79.75   
12  3.02      294    73.50   
Year  4.83      5059    1264.75 

Posted in Buying Solar, Missouri0 Comments